Some common types of fasteners include screws, bolts, nuts, washers, rivets, pins, clips, and anchors. Screws are threaded fasteners used to attach materials together, while bolts are threaded rods that require a nut to secure the joint. Nuts, on the other hand, are used to tighten and loosen bolts. Washers are thin plates placed between the fastener and the material to distribute the load evenly. Rivets, pins, and clips are non-threaded fasteners used for permanent and temporary joints. Anchors are used to attaching objects to concrete or masonry surfaces. Choosing the right type of fastener requires considering the material, load, and joint configuration.